What Are Motherboard Chipsets?


You must have heard about motherboard chipsets quite often. However, have you ever wondered why they are so important? Chipsets are one of the most widely used terms when it comes to technological equipment such as processors and motherboards. However, many are still unaware of the significance they truly hold.

So, I offer you this read to know all about motherboard chipsets in detail. Before going further into the details, let me tell you that chipsets are the ones that determine all the actions your unit can potentially perform. Isn’t this teaser enough to give you an estimate of the impact this part holds? So, let us get into the details information about them.

What is a motherboard chipset?

Every mobo was initially sent with a unique set of embedded electronics, every one of which was responsible for managing a different component of the system. The north as well as the south bridge, which are identified by its locations on the board, are 2 chips that have been reduced in size as a result of innovative thinking throughout decades.

The north bridge normally managed the Central processing unit and linked it with the remaining of the RAM-equipped computer parts. IDE and SATA drivers, Connectors for USB, sound, internet, and other components were all under the authority of the south bridge.

Every connection within the parts of the system was handled by the south as well as the north bridge working together. These twin chips, which combined several other processors into specialized jobs, were referred to as chipset, which is just a group of chips with assigned functions.

Currently, both these bridges cannot be found on current motherboards. The Central processing unit nowadays handles a majority of the functions that the north bridge originally handled, and the residual functions were integrated onto a singular chip the style of which is same like a south bridge one.

So, even though the word chipset is still employed to describe various motherboard types, its functioning has developed through time.

Is chipset different from motherboard?

Indeed, chipset and motherboard are both different from one another.  A motherboard’s chipset, on the other hand, is a component and controls which components your motherboard can handle.

Consider a chipset as a type of motherboard. You may then search for motherboards with that particular chipset after you know the chipset you require to support your components. Within a same chipset, there will be a variety of motherboards with unique characteristics, but all of them will still be able to handle the same parts.

Are there different type of chipsets?

If you choose to buy a motherboard under the label of Intel, you will find a completely integrated chipset on it which is referred to as the Platform PCH. This is an abbreviation for Platform Controller Hub.

Whereas, in case you choose to go with the AMD motherboard, you will find an equivalent chip that is referred to as the FCH. This stands for Fusion Controller Hub. However the firm ceased employing this label with the introduction latest design known as Zen.

Where is a chipset located on a motherboard?

Early in days, the south and north bridges on the mobo were quite simple to find. The north chip was found close to the socket of the central processing unit.

The majority of the board’s chips are now built inside the Central processing unit on contemporary motherboards. Whether it is about FCH or PCH, both  connect directly with the Central processing unit, accelerating things in the procedure rather than having requests for data pass from the south to the north bridge and then onto your Central processing unit.

Which Motherboard Chipset Is Best?

There isn’t an optimal chipset due to a number of factors. First of all and primarily, various chipsets will accommodate various pieces, including multiple Cores. A pricey, elevated, fully equipped chipset for a semi-ranged CPU won’t definitely function best than just a fairly low chipset with a relatively powerful CPU since elements might be either less or more potent than each other.

It all boils down to customer desire, necessity, and price when choosing a chipset. Similar to how you choose parts for a system depending on your personal requirements and what you wish to accomplish with it, various chipsets may have functionality or enable parts that you don’t really require or don’t intend to use.

How to know the type of chipset your motherboard uses?

You may determine the chip of the mobo by conducting an internet search using the title of the board. As an alternate, a lot of systems use the chipset’s title, which is a brief mixture of numbers and letters, as part of its full title.

When you have access to it, you may also refer to your motherboard’s instructions and the package it was shipped in. Do not confuse the chipset’s naming with its make and model. For instance, the Z490 in the MSI MEG Z490 board refers to the microprocessor instead of board’s product code.

AMD and Intel Chipsets?

Both Intel and AMD chipsets are different from one another and are represented by certain letters.


  • A: The more affordable, entry-level motherboards from AMD. Consider the A520.
  • B: Standard motherboards for savvier users. For instance, B550.
  • X: Expensive motherboards for enthusiasts and high-performance workstations. Consider the X570.


  • H: The more affordable, entry-level motherboards from Intel, such as the H610.
  • B: Mainstream motherboards for more demanding customers. For instance, B660.
  • Z: Expensive motherboards for enthusiasts and high-performance workstations. Z690.
  • X, for instance, is Intel’s maximum performance level and is only compatible with Intel Extreme technology.

The Closing Thoughts

All in all, motherboards come with different types of chipsets embedded on them. The units differ in pricing, functionality, as well as, user’s level. You can choose to go with one that suits your needs or budget. Now that you know all about the chipsets and their importance, I believe no ambiguity has been left behind at all.

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